Thursday, June 4th, 2009 at 10:03 am  |  8 responses

U.S. Rep. Steve Cohen’s Letter to the NBA

Congressman Steve Cohen (D-Tenn.) sent a letter to the NBA and the players association this week. This is his note in full.—Ed.

I am writing to express my deep concern over the policy of the National Basketball Association (NBA) to bar athletes from playing in the league on the basis of their age.  The “19 plus 1” policy, which requires American players to be at least 19 years of age and one year removed from their high school graduating class, is an unfair restriction on the rights of these young men to pursue their intended career.  I also believe that it has played an important role in several recent scandals involving college students who were prevented from entering the NBA upon high school graduation.  I ask that this policy be repealed when the NBA completes its new collective bargaining agreement with the NBA Player’s Association.

I firmly believe in the value of a college education, but I do not believe that the 19 plus 1 policy has benefited those students who briefly attend college solely because they are not permitted to join the NBA.  Instead, a “one-and-done” system has developed, whereby athletes attend college only for the mandatory year and then join the NBA as soon as they are eligible.  This system does far more to serve the financial interests of the universities at which the students play than the educational interests of the students themselves.  I am also concerned that the 19 plus 1 policy contributed to the recent spate of scandals involving college athletes, like Derek Rose and O.J. Mayo, which have particular resonance in my own community of Memphis.

Numerous publications, including the Memphis Commercial Appeal, Yahoo! Sports, ESPN.com, and USA Today, have published editorials or articles critical of the policy.  For example, the Commercial Appeal wrote that the policy’s effect on college basketball “looks dubious” and serves mostly to harm the true student-athletes.  Dan Wetzel of Yahoo! Sports questions points out that “[t]here is no statistical evidence that players are better on or off the court after a stint on campus.”  These articles are just a small sample of the growing public opinion that this rule serves no value to the players who are subject to its restraints.

Few other professional sports leagues prohibit adults from entering their league on the basis of age.  The Major League Baseball Association, the National Hockey League, the Professional Golf Association, the United States Tennis Association, NASCAR, and Major League Soccer, not to mention several European professional basketball leagues all permit 18 year-olds to join.  Some of these leagues even allow athletes as young as 14.  While I do not believe teams should be required to sign players aged, I also do not believe they should be prevented from doing so, especially if such a player has reached the age of majority.

The NBA has many examples of players who successfully entered the league at age 18 before the current policy went into effect.  This list includes Kobe Bryant, LeBron James, Kevin Garnett, and Dwight Howard, all of whom have led their teams deep into this year’s playoffs.  Several of them also proudly represented our country in leading the 2008 Men’s Olympic Basketball team to a gold medal.  There is no reason to think that today’s young athletes would be unable to succeed as well, if given the chance.

I ask that you remove this unfair provision when the NBA completes its new collective bargaining agreement with the Player’s Association.  I appreciate your taking the time to consider this matter and would be happy to provide you with any additional information you may require.  I look forward to hearing from you.

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  • Ken


  • http://www.slamonline.com/online/category/blogs/fear/ Freedom Fries

    If Memphis were in any other state, do you think this Senator would give a rat’s arse?

  • adams

    Derek Rose? Really?

  • Pingback: SLAM ONLINE | » Congressman to NBA: Rescind Age Minimum

  • http://www.myspace.com/linkstigatorkevin Kevin Wilson

    Dear Rep. Cohen,


    Sincerely, David J. Stern
    NBA Commissioner

  • Barry Melrose

    Did the congressman write the same letter to the NFL? Shouldn’t 18 year olds also be allowed to play in the NFL out of high school? Currently, they have to go to college for three (3) years!

  • vic21

    LOL @Kevin

  • Maximus

    If a kid doesn’t want to go to college, wants to get paid to play and/or isn’t ready for the NBA, they can always play in Italy, Isreal, Puerto Rico or elsewhere. I want to coach football, but I’m not good enough to coach at the NFL, NCAA, or even the high school level. My options are to volunteer at a local high school and work my butt off, or to find a Pop Warner team that needs a coach. These players cannot be automatically allowed into the NBA just because they are 18 (see Barry’s NFL statement above). The examples the Distinguished Gentelman from Tennessee cited were anomalies. Most HS players who have entered their name into the NBA draft didn’t make a roster. Those who did (ex. Gerald Green, Sebastian Telfair) don’t always realize their potential for any number of reasons. Rep. Cohen should have an aide look deeper into the situation before firing off a “Kobe-can-do-it” letter. Don’t blame the system for P.E. Teacher-turned-AD R.C. Johnson’s challenges in keeping up with the ‘big boys.’